- (Auguste Lumière; Louis Lumière)Both the Lumière brothers—Auguste (1862-54) and Louis (1864-1948)—were born in Besançon, and were inventors, photographic manufacturers, and pioneer filmmakers who, in 1895, invented an early picture camera that also functioned as a projector. In contrast to the cumbersome machinery invented by Edison, theirs was portable and lightweight, and suitable for outdoor use. It also used less film, was quieter, and operated more smoothly. They called this device the "Cinématographe," and it allowed the taking of pictures and projection at the same time. On December 28, 1895, in Paris they surprised the public with the showing of their short film, La Sortie des usines Lumière, considered to be probably the first true motion picture ever made. They also showed the films L'Arrivée d'un train en gare de La Ciotat (1895) and L'Arroseur arrosé (1895). In these, their audience was startled by the image of motion and of an oncoming train, and many consider these occasions to be the birth of the cinema industry. The Lumière brothers continued productions, increasing their staff and, by 1898, amassed a film catalog of more than 1,000 motion pictures. In 1903, they also produced the first color photographs. Auguste Lumière, a biologist, additionally studied the therapeutic use of magnesium cells, and was admitted to the Academy of Sciences in 1919. Louis Lumière was interested in photography in relief (photostere-osynthesis, 1920), and achieved a method of ana-glyphes, or the projection of two complementary colors, in 1935.
France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present . 1884.
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Lumière Brothers — Lu|mi|ère Broth|ers, the two French brothers, Auguste Lumière (1862 1954) and Louis Lumière (1864 1948) who, in 1895, produced the first camera that was also a ↑projector, and made the first cinema film, Workers Leaving the Lumière Factory … Dictionary of contemporary English
Lumière brothers — ▪ French inventors French inventors and pioneer manufacturers of photographic equipment who devised an early motion picture camera and projector called the Cinématographe (“cinema” is derived from this name). Auguste Lumière (b. Oct. 19, 1862,… … Universalium
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Lumière and Company — (1995, original title Lumière et Cie ) was a collaboration between 41 international film directors in which each made a short film using the original Cinématographe camera invented by the Lumière brothers. Shorts were edited in camera and abided… … Wikipedia
Lumière, Louis — (1864 1948) Cinematographer, director, and film pioneer. Louis Lumière was the youngest son of Antoine and Jeanne Joséphine Lumière. His brother August Lumière was the eldest. Antoine Lumière was a painter turned photography equipment supplier … Guide to cinema
Lumière, Louis — (1864 1948) Cinematographer, director, and film pioneer. Louis Lumière was the youngest son of Antoine and Jeanne Joséphine Lumière. His brother August Lumière was the eldest. Antoine Lumière was a painter turned photography equipment supplier … Historical Dictionary of French Cinema
Lumière, Louis — (October 5, 1864, Besançon, Doubs, France June 6, 1948, Bandol, Var, France) The son of a former sign painter turned photographer, he saved the family firm conceiving a photographic plate ,Etiquette bleue , which brought in a lot of money.… … Encyclopedia of French film directors
Lumière, Auguste — SUBJECT AREA: Photography, film and optics [br] b. 19 October 1862 Besançon, France d. 10 April 1954 Lyon, France [br] French scientist and inventor. [br] Auguste and his brother Louis Lumière (b. 5 October 1864 Besançon, France; d. 6 June 1948… … Biographical history of technology
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